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Have just placed an order,i said I didn t want amazon prime,but its come as free trial. The sample size of this study was the chief limitation. A larger sample size would have allowed greater control for potential confounders, such as comorbid psychiatric disorders.
However, because the frequency of psychiatric and substance related disorders is high for disordered gamblers A larger dataset would allow a multiple logistic regression analysis to account for several independent variables, such as hours played, number of days played, and dollars gambled. Lastly, the nature of questionnaires is that they typically create some recall bias. Despite these limitations, this study was able to take a reliable cross-sectional glance at the landscape of sleep disturbances within a severity distribution of gamblers.
This was the first study to find an association between problematic sleep and gambling severity using valid and reliable sleep measures in non-treatment seeking gamblers. Hopefully, these findings will not only increase awareness of this relationship, but also provide a foundation on which others can investigate the benefits of screening and adjunct treatment for sleep disorders in the gambling population.
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National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jan 1. Fong , MD 1, 2, 3. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Although sleep has been extensively studied in substance related disorders, it has yet to be examined as thoroughly in gambling-related disorders. METHODS Study Design The data used for this cross-sectional study was obtained from the dataset of a larger project which sought to examine associations between gambling and several biopsychosocial domains.
Participants A total of participants were recruited based on the need to have a large enough sample size to demonstrate significant differences between gambling groups. Assessments Gambling severity was assessed using interview style questions corresponding to the 10 DSM-IV criteria for pathological gambling.
Statistical Analysis To address missing data, incomplete questionnaires were excluded. RESULTS Sample Characteristics Of the participants recruited, 20 did not report any gambling in the past month, 3 had incomplete sleep questionnaires, 1 screened positive for bipolar I disorder, and 0 screened positive for current drug or alcohol use or suicidal ideation.
Open in a separate window. Color figure available online. Footnotes Full terms and conditions of use: Shaffer H, Hall M. Updating and refining prevalence estimates of disordered gambling behaviour in the United States and Canada.
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